Dr. Ronald B. Standler
P.O. Box 3780
Concord, NH 03302-3780

Table of Contents

participation in development of engineering standards
participation in professional societies
archival publications
other publications
essays at my websites

return to my homepage


Franklin Pierce Law Center, Concord, NH 03301 subsequently renamed "University of New Hampshire School of Law"
J.D., May 1998
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM, USA 87801
Ph.D. in physics, December 1977
M.Sc. in physics, May 1975
University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208
B.Sc. in physics, June 1971
minors: mathematics and philosophy, member of Scholars Program


more than 35 papers in archival journals and conference proceedings; 3 patents
complete bibliography at end of this document

Standler, Protection of Electronic Circuits from Overvoltages,
New York: Wiley-Interscience, 434 pp., May 1989. Republished by Dover, December 2002.

Bar Admissions

U.S. Supreme Court, 5 August 2002.
U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, 11 Jan 2001.
U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts, 21 May 1999.
Admitted to practice in patent cases before the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office, 16 Feb 1999.
Admitted as an attorney in Massachusetts, 17 Dec 1998.


Consultant in Private Practice, Concord, NH (Dec 1998 to present)
Attorney in Massachusetts, concentrating in computer law, higher-education law, and copyright law.   National practice of consulting to attorneys on scientific evidence in torts involving technology (e.g., damage from lightning or electrical surges, products liability).

full-time Law Student, Franklin Pierce Law Center, Concord, NH 03301 (Aug 1995 to May 1998)
classes in general law, intellectual property, and computer law.

Consulting Engineer in Private Practice, Lexington, KY (Aug 1990 to June 1995)
Specialized in design and applications of surge arresters and suppressors, marketing and safety standards for German products sold in the USA, consulting to attorneys on products liability and patent infringement. Founded nonprofit corporation, High-Voltage Transient Research Laboratory, Inc., to continue my research programs from the University.

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802
Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering, (August 1984 to June 1990)
Research involved (1) development of novel circuits to protect against damage and upset from transient overvoltages, (2) statistical characterization of disturbances on the ac supply mains, and (3) formulation of design rules and test procedures for overvoltage protection, including development of engineering standards and specifications for standard overstress test waveforms. Academic activities included teaching introductory and advanced analog electronic classes, advising undergraduate honors students, member EE curriculum committee 1985-88, reorganization of EE366 laboratory to include computer-controlled test equipment.

Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, NM 87117
U.S. Air Force Research Scholar, (Sept. 1983 to July 1984)
One-year sabbatical position. Performed comprehensive literature search and critical review of transient protection techniques, designed a dozen circuits for protection of representative integrated circuits from transient overvoltages, wrote 212 page handbook of transient protection techniques.

Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY 14623
Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering, (June 1981 to May 1983)
Full-time undergraduate teaching of analog electronic circuit design, electromagnetic field theory, and transmission line phenomena.   Member, Engineering Computer Graphics Committee and EE Curriculum Committee.

Xerox Corp., North American Manufacturing Division, Webster, NY 14580
Senior Advanced Metrology Engineer (July 1979 to May 1981)
Designed and tested measurement systems for use in process-control research and inspection in a production environment for which no commercial "off-the-shelf" instrument was available; work involved electric and magnetic field measurements, vibration analysis and reduction, optical radiometry, X-ray fluorescence, Mirau interferometry, computer programming, interfacing instruments to computers, and statistical analysis of data.

University of Florida, Department of Electrical Engineering, Gainesville, FL 32611.
Visiting Assistant Professor and Post-Doctoral Associate to Prof. Martin Uman (July 1977 to June 1979)
Continued development of numerical model to estimate lightning current waveforms from electric and magnetic field measurements, managed lightning laboratory electronics development, taught analog electronics course, wrote laboratory manual for analog electronics course sequence and supervised laboratory, received award for excellence in teaching a laboratory course.

New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Department of Physics, Socorro, NM 87801.
Research Assistant to Prof. W. P. Winn (May 1975 to June 1977)
Measured simultaneously during thunderstorms the electric field, both at the ground and up to 300 meters aloft, and the current between the ground and trees. Wrote numerical model to predict relationship of electric field, conductivity of air, and corona current as a function of altitude and time. Designed and built new field mill electronics to better reject precipitation currents and have greater bandwidth than previous electronics.
Research Assistant to Prof. C. B. Moore (Summer 1972, May 1973 to May 1975)
Measured electric field, field changes, and charge transfer between the ground and both blunt and sharp lightning rods and wrote a numerical model to predict the response of elevated, grounded conductors to nearby stepped leaders from lightning. Triggered lightning with a wire-trailing rocket. Measured electric field for onset of corona discharge in coaxial cylinder geometry.
Teaching Assistant (supervised by Prof. C. B. Moore, Sept 1972 to May 1973)
Rewrote freshman physics laboratory manual and taught both freshman and sophomore physics laboratories.

State University of New York at Albany, Department of Atmospheric Science, Albany, NY 12222.
Research Assistant to Prof. Bernard Vonnegut (July 1971 to June 1972)
Research on corona discharge, ball lightning; did an extensive literature search on atmospheric electricity. Took classes in meteorology and numerical methods.

Veterans Administration Hospital, 42nd and Woolworth Ave., Omaha, NB 68105.
Summer student employee 1968, 380 hours as a volunteer during summer 1967
Participated in routine neutron activation analysis, gamma ray dosimetry research.

Participation in Development of Engineering Standards

ANSI Subcommittee C62, Low-Voltage Surge Arresters
Chairman: July 1992 to October 1995, Member: April 1987 to October 1995.

Chairman, IEEE Power Engineering Society Working Group 3.6.9,
Performance Standard for Secondary Arresters, October 1991 to March 1995.

IEEE Low-Voltage Surge Protection Subcommittee 3.6
Vice-Chairman: Sep 1993 to Mar 1995, Secretary: Sep 1990 to May 1994,
Member: Apr 1987 to Mar 1995.

Member of U.S. Technical Advisory Group for International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Subcommittee 37A, surge arresters for use on the low-voltage mains, Sep 1989 to Dec 1993.
U.S. delegate to Working Group 5 of SC37A.

IEEE Power Engineering Society's Surge Protective Devices Working Group 3.6.4
Secretary: April 1986 to August 1992, Member: 1982 to August 1992.
Active participant in:
Member, IEEE Surge Protective Devices Committee 3.0 (Oct 90-Mar 95).
Chairman, IEEE Ad Hoc Working Group on IEEE C62.45-1987 (Feb 87-May 87).
Chairman, IEEE Ad Hoc Working Group on IEEE C62.41-1991 (Mar 91-Apr 91).
Interested Party, Underwriters Laboratories Standard 1449, "Transient Voltage Surge Suppressors" (1987-present).

Participation in Professional Societies

American Association for the Advancement of Science, member since 1971.
Sigma Xi (The Scientific Research Society), member since 1980.
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), member since 1983, senior member since 1987.
IEEE Sections: Electromagnetic Compatibility Society
Membership committee, University of Rochester chapter, Sigma Xi 1980-83.
President, Graduate Student Association at New Mexico Tech, 1977.
President, Society of Physics Students, University of Denver, 1969-1971.

Member, Media Resource Service, Scientists' Institute for Public Information,
topics: "protection of electronic circuits from transient overvoltages, EMP from nuclear weapons, lightning", 1985-1995.


Langmuir Award for Excellence in Research, May 1990, given annually for an outstanding research publication by a student or alumnus of New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.

IEEE Power Engineering Society, July 1993, Working Group Award for ANSI/IEEE C62.41-1991.

Listed in Marquis Who's Who in Science and Engineering, (2nd ed., 1993).

Archival Publications

Standler, "Transmission Line Models for Coordination of Surge-Protective Devices", IEEE 1993 International EMC Symposium, Dallas, pp. 358-362, August 1993.

Standler, "Design and Performance of Surge Suppressors", IEEE 1993 International EMC Symposium, Dallas, pp. 363-368, August 1993.

Standler, "Neutral-Earth Surge Voltages on Low-Voltage AC Mains," Tenth International Zürich Symposium on EMC, pp. 377-382, March 1993.

D. Birrell and Standler, "Failures of Surge Arresters on Low-Voltage Mains," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 8, pp. 156-162, Jan 1993.

Standler, "Calculations of Lightning Surge Currents Inside Buildings", IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Anaheim, CA, pp. 195-199, 19 August 1992.

Standler, "American Surge Test Methods for Equipment Connected to the Low-Voltage AC Supply Mains," invited paper at Lightning Protection 92, London, England, 24 June 1992, paper 5.4.

Standler, "Standards for Surge-Protective Devices for Connection to the Low-Voltage AC Supply Mains in the U.S.A.," invited paper at Lightning Protection 92, London, England, 23 June 1992, paper 4.3.

S.B. Smith and Standler, "The Effects of Surges on Electronic Appliances," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 7, pp. 1275-82, July 1992.

Standler, "Development of a Performance Standard for Surge Arresters and Suppressors," IEEE 1991 Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Cherry Hill, NJ, pp. 458-463, 15 Aug 1991.

Standler, "Coordination of Surge Arresters and Suppressors for Use on Low-Voltage Mains", Ninth International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Zürich, pp. 517-524, March 1991.

D.R. Shakarjian and Standler, "AC Power Disturbance Detector Circuit", IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 6, pp. 536-540, April 1991.

Standler, "Use of a Metal-Oxide Varistor with a Series Spark Gap Across the Mains," IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Washington, DC, pp. 153-158, Aug 1990.

R.L. Luebbers, F. Hunsberger, K. Kunz, Standler, and M. Schneider, "A Frequency-Dependent Finite-Difference Time-Domain Formulation for Dispersive Materials," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Vol. 32, pp. 222-227, Aug 1990.

Standler, "Transients on the Mains in a Residential Environment," IEEE Trans. Electromagnetic Compatibility, Vol. 31, pp. 170-176, May 1989.
reprinted in: V. Prasad Kodali and Motohisa Kanda, editors, EMC/EMI Selected Readings, IEEE Press, 1996.

Standler, "Calculation of Energy in Transient Overvoltages," IEEE National Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Denver, pp. 217-222, May 1989.

Standler, Protection of Electronic Circuits from Overvoltages,
New York: Wiley-Interscience, 434 pp., May 1989. Republished by Dover, December 2002.

Standler, "Standard Waveforms for Surge Testing: Experimental Evaluation and Proposed New Criteria for Tolerances," Eighth International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Zürich, pp. 115-124, March 1989.

Standler, "Protection of Small Computers from Disturbances on the Mains," IEEE Industry Application Society Conference Record, Pittsburgh, pp. 1482-87, Oct 1988.

Standler, "Use of Low-Pass Filters to Protect Equipment from Transient Overvoltages on the Mains," IEEE Industry Applications Society Industrial and Commercial Power Conference Record, Baltimore, pp. 66-73, May 1988.

Standler, Technology of Fast Spark Gaps, U.S. Army Harry Diamond Laboratories Contractor Report, HDL-CR-89-078-1, 44 pp., May 1988.

Standler, "Equations for Some Transient Overvoltage Test Waveforms," IEEE Trans. Electromagnetic Compatibility, Vol. 30, pp. 69-71, Feb 1988.

Standler, "An Experiment to Monitor Disturbances on the Mains," IEEE Industry Applications Society Conference Record, Atlanta, pp. 1325-1330, Oct 1987.

Standler and A.C. Canike, Mitigation of Mains Disturbances, Air Force Weapons Laboratory Technical Report AFWL-TR-86-80, 192 pp., 1986.

Standler, Transient Protection of Electronic Circuits, Air Force Weapons Laboratory Technical Report, AFWL-TR-85-34, 212 pp., Aug 1984.

Master, M.J., M.A. Uman, Y.T. Lin, Standler, "Calculations of Lightning Return Stroke Electric and Magnetic Fields Above Ground," Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 86, pp. 12127-32, Dec 1981.

Standler, "Estimation of Corona Current Beneath Thunderclouds," Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 85, pp. 4541-4544, Aug 1980.

Lin, Y.T, M.A. Uman, and Standler, "Lightning Return Stroke Models," Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 85, pp. 1571-1583, Mar 1980.
According to Science Citation Index, this paper was cited 62 times between 1980 and March 1992.

Standler and W.P. Winn, "Effects of Coronae on Electric Fields Beneath Thunderstorms," Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 105, pp. 285-302, Jan 1979.
According to Science Citation Index, this paper was cited 46 times between 1979 and January 1994.

Standler and B. Vonnegut, "Estimated Possible Effects of AgI Cloud Seeding on Human Health," J. Applied Meteorology, Vol. 11, pp. 1388-91, Dec 1972.

Davies, D.W., and Standler, "Ball Lightning," Nature, Vol. 240, p. 144, 17 Nov 1972.

Standler, "Magnetically Driven Sonometer," The Physics Teacher, Vol. 10, pp. 533-34, 1972.


Standler, "Coordinated Electric Surge Suppressor With Means for Suppressing Oscillatory Transient Overvoltages," U.S. Patent 5,398,150, 14 Mar 1995.

Standler, "Passive Overvoltage Protection Devices, Especially for the Protection of Computer Equipment Connected to Data Lines," U.S. Patent 4,586,104, 29 Apr 1986.
By 27 Jan 2004, this patent had been cited in 40 more recent U.S. Patents.

Uman, M.A. and Standler, "Lightning Activated Relay," U.S. Patent 4,276,576, 30 June 1981.
By 27 Jan 2004, this patent had been cited in 20 more recent U.S. Patents.

Other Publications

Standler (Organizer and Chairman), "Workshop: Surge Arresters and Suppressors on Data Lines," IEEE 1995 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 4 pp. of notes for participants, 3 hours of discussion, Atlanta, 18 August 1995.

Standler (Organizer and Chairman), "Workshop: Surge Arresters and Suppressors on AC Supply Mains," IEEE 1994 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 6 pp. of notes for participants, 4½ hours of discussion, Chicago, 22 August 1994.

Invited speaker: "How to Protect Small Computer Systems from Disturbances on the Mains," IEEE Pittsburgh section, 23 Oct 1989; Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Mar 1990; and Pennsylvania Electric Association, 16 May 1990.

Standler, "Editorial: Mathematics for Engineers," The Journal of Undergraduate Mathematics, Vol. 11, pp. 1-6, Spring 1990.   Posted on Internet at http://www.rbs0.com/math.htm

Standler, "Discussion of: Steep-Front Short-Duration Voltage Surge Tests of Power Line Filters and Transient Voltage Suppressors, by Barnes and Hudson", IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, Vol. 4, p. 1035, April 1989.

Standler, "Discussion of: Where Are the Industrial Power Engineers?, by Smith and Hamilton," IEEE Trans. Industry Applications, Vol. 24, p. 756, Sep 1988.

Standler, "Important Parameters of Terminal Protection Devices," (invited paper) Proceedings of the Technical Interchange Meeting on Terminal Protection Devices, July 1987 U.S. Army Harry Diamond Laboratory, HDL-SR-90-2, pp. 100-104, May 1990.

Standler, "Techniques for Relief from Allergic Rhinitis," Ear, Nose, and Throat Journal, Vol. 59, pp. 46-47, 1980.

Standler and C.B. Moore, "Initial Currents Associated with Lightning Triggered by a Rocket," FAA Conference on Grounding and Lightning Technology, Report No. FAA-RD-79-6, pp. 141-146, March 1979.

Standler, The Effect of Corona Discharge on Electric Fields Beneath Thunderstorms, Ph.D. dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, 80 pp., June 1977.

Standler, Response of Elevated Conductors to Lightning, M.Sc. Thesis, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, 194 pp., May 1975.

Standler, "How to Report Ball Lightning," Weatherwise, Vol. 25, p. 186, 1972.

Standler, "Campus Unrest," Congressional Record, pp. E19-23, 21 Jan 1971.

Standler, "Objections to Antiballistic Missile System," Congressional Record, pp. E7940-7944, 27 Aug 1970.

Essays At My Websites

Current length and date first posted.   The length of each document in HTML is given for printing in single-spaced Times Roman 12 point font.

Standler, Common-Law Copyright in the USA, 29 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/clc.pdf, 16 July 2013.

Standler, Permission to Record a Performance in the USA, 24 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/cpermission.pdf, 16 July 2013.

Standler, My Suggested Revision of the Copyright Act of 1976, 35 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/c17USC.pdf, 27 May 2013.

Standler, Copyright for Compilations in the USA, 30 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/ccompile.pdf, 16 May 2013.

Standler, Legal Rights of Medical Patients in Massachusetts, 34 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/prm.pdf, 20 July 2012.

Standler, Legal Right to Refuse Medical Treatment in the USA, 57 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/rrmt.pdf, 1 July 2012.

Standler, Liability for Defective Water in the USA: analogies with defective electricity, 12 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/utility2.pdf, 23 May 2012.

Standler, Promises by Political Candidates Not Legally Enforceable in the USA, 18 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/elecprom.pdf, 30 April 2012.

Standler, Retrospective Application of New Duty in Torts, 29 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/torts2.pdf, 11 Jan 2012.

Standler, Privacy Violations During Divorce in the USA, 59 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/dprivacy.pdf, 5 Jan 2012.

Standler, Award of Attorney's Fees in Copyright Litigation in the USA, 121 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/caf.pdf, 5 Dec 2011.

Standler, Electricity is Neither Ultrahazardous Nor Abnormally Dangerous, 12 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/uh.pdf, 10 June 2011.

Standler, Liability of Electric Utility in the USA for Outage or Blackout, 51 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/outage.pdf, 16 May 2011.

Standler, Legal Liability for Electricity in the USA: Products Liability, 42 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/utility.pdf, 2 May 2011.

Standler, Academic Abstention in the USA — List of Cases, 13 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/AcadAbst2.pdf, preliminary draft 25 April 2011.

Standler, Possibility of "State Action" by Private Colleges in the USA, 59 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/esa.pdf, 7 Apr 2011.

Standler, Legal Right to Have an Attorney at College Disciplinary Hearings in the USA, 75 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/eatty.pdf, 11 Mar 2011.

Standler, Ghostwriting and Plagiarism by Attorneys and Judges in the USA, 93 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/ghost.pdf, 11 Mar 2011.

Standler, "Christian Burial Speech" in Brewer v. Williams, 22 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/cbs.pdf, 1 April 2010.

Standler, Copyright for New Editions of Public Domain Music in the USA, 24 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/cmusic2.pdf, 26 Oct 2009.

Standler, Fair Use: No Excuse for Wholesale Copyright Infringement in the USA, 73 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/unfair.pdf, preliminary draft posted 18 Sep 2009.

Standler, Voluntary Consent in Prenuptial Contracts in the USA, 44 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/dcontract3.pdf, 13 Sep 2009.

Standler, Waiver of Alimony in the USA, 65 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/dwaiver.pdf, 28 Aug 2009.

Standler, Ideas Not Copyrightable, 83 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/cidea.pdf, 14 May 2009.

Standler, Copyright Protection for Nonfiction or Compilations of Facts in the USA, 98 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/cfact.pdf, 22 Feb 2009.

Standler, No Copyright for Law in the USA, 73 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/cgovt.pdf, 14 Jan 2009.

Standler, Music Copyright Law in the USA, 22 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/copyrm.pdf, 3 Dec 2008.

Standler, Williams & Wilkins v. U.S., Annotated Appellate Opinion, With Critical Analysis, 69 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/ww2.pdf, 12 Nov 2008.

Standler, Litigated Divorce in the USA As a Waste of Assets, 33 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/waste.pdf, 6 July 2008.

Standler, Disclosure Should Not Always Destroy Privacy, 74 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/priv4.pdf, 26 Oct 2007.

Standler, Professor-Student Is Not a Fiduciary Relationship, 22 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/fiduciary.pdf , 30 Sep 2007.

Standler, Legal Duty in the USA to Warn of Naturally Occurring Hazards At Recreational Facilities, 59 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/ltgwarn2.pdf, 30 Sep 2007.

Standler, National Security Letters: Unconstitutional Demands by U.S. Government, 25 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/NSL.pdf, 22 Sep 2007.

Standler, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Unconstitutional or Bad Idea?, 54 pp., http://www.rbs0.com/FISA.pdf, 8 Aug 2007.

Standler, Academic Abstention, 68 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/AcadAbst.pdf, 1 June 2007.

Standler, Proximate Cause in Infotorts, 32 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/infotort2.pdf, 24 Jan 2007.

Standler, Strange v. Entercom, 22 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/KDND.pdf, 24 Jan 2007.

Standler, Statutory Law in the USA: Requiring Silver Nitrate in Eyes of Newborns, 25 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/SilvNitr.pdf, 17 Dec 2006.

Standler, Overruled: Stare Decisis in the U.S. Supreme Court, 37 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/overrule.pdf, 30 Nov 2005.

Standler, Freedom from the Majority in the USA, 40 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/majority.pdf, 1 Nov 2005.

Standler, Annotated Legal Cases on Physician-Assisted Suicide in the USA, 124 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/pas.pdf, 9 May 2005.
By 31 Dec 2012, this essay had a total of 324,821 hits.

Standler, Annotated Legal Cases Involving Right-to-Die in the USA, 157 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/rtd.pdf, 22 Apr 2005.
By 31 Dec 2012, this essay had a total of 383,447 hits.

Standler, Why do Legal Research?, 71 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/legres.pdf, 6 Mar 2005.

Standler, Doctrine of Unconstitutional Conditions in the USA, 33 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/duc.pdf, 4 Mar 2005.

Standler, Legal Aspects of Searches of Airline Passenger in the USA, 64 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/travel.pdf, 7 Dec 2004.

Standler, Funding of Basic Research in Physical Science in the USA, 12 pp., http://www.rbs0.com/funding.pdf, 3 Sep 2004.

Standler, The Effect of Inflation on Monetary Values in Statutes and Contracts, 13 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/gold.pdf, 27 July 2004.

Standler, U.S. Government Restrictions on Scientific Publications, 31 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/OFAC.pdf, 15 June 2004.

Standler, Lightning, Telephones & Injuries: Legal Liability in the USA, 28 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/ltgtele.pdf, 31 May 2004   (written 14 July 1997).

Standler, Lightning Strikes to People and the Legal Duties to Warn and to Protect, 27 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/ltgwarn.pdf, 30 May 2004   (written 1997, last revised 7 Aug 1998).

Standler, Federal Court Jurisdiction in the USA in Family Law Cases, 31 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/dfederal.pdf, 3 May 2004.

Standler, Possible Vicarious Liability of Computer Users in the USA?, 13 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/cvicarious.pdf, 18 Mar 2004.

Standler, Prejudicial Pretrial Publicity in Florida v. Joseph Peter Smith, 36 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/jsmith.pdf, 19 Feb 2004.

Standler, U.S. Court Opinions on Publicity and Fair Criminal Trials, 61 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/pretrial2.pdf, 24 Dec 2003.

Standler, Pretrial Publicity Prevents a Fair Trial in the USA, 54 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/pretrial.pdf, 17 Dec 2003.

Standler, Reimbursement of Educational Expenses at Divorce in the USA, 47 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/ed_reimb.pdf, 5 Sep 2003.

Standler, Legal Duty of Parent in USA to Pay for Child's College Education, 25 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/son_edu.pdf, 11 Aug 2003.

Standler, Prenuptial and Postnuptial Contract Law in the USA, 34 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/dcontract.pdf, 7 Aug 2003.

Standler, Evaluating Credibility of Information on the Internet, 12 pp., http://www.rbs0.com/credible.pdf, 29 April 2003.

Standler, Tort Liability in the USA for Negligent Weather Forecasts, 49 pp., http://www.rbs2.com/forecast.pdf, 4 Mar 2003.

Standler, History and Problems in Weather Modification, http://www.rbs2.com/w2.htm, 15 pp., 22 Dec 2002.

Standler, Weather Modification Law in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/weather.pdf, 35 pp., 29 Sep 2002.

Standler, Issues in a Computer Acceptable Use Policy, http://www.rbs2.com/policy.htm, 11 pp., 17 July 2002.

Standler, Accreditation of Universities in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/accred.htm, 7 pp., 22 June 2002.

Standler, Examples of Malicious Computer Programs, http://www.rbs2.com/cvirus.htm, 32 pp., 2 June 2002.
Part Two, http://www.rbs2.com/cvirus2.pdf, 23 pp., 30 March 2005.

Standler, Computer Virus Hoaxes, http://www.rbs2.com/choax.htm, 10 pp., 12 May 2002.

Standler, Fire Hazards of Surge Suppressors, http://www.rbs2.com/fire.htm, 12 pp., 9 Sep 2001.

Standler, Why Attend College?, http://www.rbs0.com/edu.htm, 4 pp., 24 March 2001.

Standler, History of At-Will Employment Law in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/atwill.htm, 25 pp., 31 July 2000.

Standler, Professional Ethics & Wrongful Discharge, http://www.rbs2.com/ethics.htm, 25 pp., 4 July 2000.

Standler, Freedom of Speech in USA for Professors and Other Government Employees, http://www.rbs2.com/afree2.htm, 18 pp., 6 May 2000.

Standler, Plagiarism in Colleges in USA, http://www.rbs2.com/plag.pdf, 89 pp., 10 Feb 2000.
By 31 Dec 2012, this essay had a total of 675,542 hits.

Standler, Educational Malpractice Law in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/edumal3.pdf, 67 pp., 12 Jan 2000.

Standler, Injuries in School or College Laboratories in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/labinj2.pdf, 59 pp., 29 Nov 1999.

Standler, Academic Freedom, http://www.rbs2.com/afree.htm, 18 pp., 21 Oct 1999.

Standler, Technical Writing, http://www.rbs0.com/tw.htm, 23 pp., 25 Sep 1999.
By 31 Dec 2012, this essay had a total of 726,419 hits.

Standler, Heckler's Veto in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/heckler.htm, 7 pp., 16 June 1999.

Standler, Computer Crime, http://www.rbs2.com/ccrime.htm, 17 pp., 30 May 1999.

Standler, Elements of Torts in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/torts.pdf, 29 pp., 4 April 1999.

Standler, Creativity in Science and Engineering, http://www.rbs0.com/create.htm, 18 pp., 13 Sep 1998.

Standler, Fundamental Rights Under Privacy in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/priv2.pdf, 26 pp., 6 August 1998.

Standler, Privacy of E-Mail in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/email.htm, 18 pp., 7 May 1998.

Standler, Moral Rights of Authors in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/moral.pdf, 47 pp., 5 April 1998.

Standler, Trademarks on the Internet, http://www.rbs2.com/tm.htm, 8 pp., 17 March 1998.

Standler, Infotorts, http://www.rbs2.com/infotort.pdf, 25 pp., 15 Feb 1998.

Standler, Some Observations on Copyright Law, http://www.rbs2.com/copyr.htm, 9 pp., 26 Dec 1997.

Standler, Privacy Law in the USA, http://www.rbs2.com/privacy.htm, 12 pp., 19 July 1997.
By 31 Dec 2012, this essay had a total of 567,100 hits.

Standler, Nonconsensual Medical Experiments on Human Beings, http://www.rbs2.com/humres.htm, 16 pp., 4 July 1997.

Standler, Response of Law to New Technology, http://www.rbs2.com/lt.htm, 12 pp., 8 May 1997.

first posted 5 Jan 1997;   revised 16 July 2013

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